Customized Diaphragm Chucks

Northfield is continually developing new products, custom designed to solve the most difficult workholding problems. Our engineers provide custom workholding solutions for internal/external, thin-wall/rigid, over the shoulder, and hundreds of other unique solutions to exactly meet each workholding requirement to bring gage block accuracy to your production pieces.

IT'S ALL ABOUT BALANCE

IT'S ALL ABOUT BALANCE

Special DPH-800 (8’’ diaphragm) chuck, this setup uses a standard diaphragm chuck with custom top tooling for two operations of balancing aluminum turbine impellers. The first operation locates the workpiece using strategically placed carbide pins positioned between the impeller blades with custom jaws to clamp outside of blades. The second operation locates the impeller on the finished surface from the first operation using a continuous ring locator and custom jaws to clamp the outside diameter of the workpiece. This allows the customer to finish balance the impeller blades.

NON-METALLIC TOP

NON-METALLIC TOP

6” Diaphragm Chuck with non-metallic top tooling in contact with the customer’s part.
Our customer manufactures these delicate, ceramic rings (shown in the foreground) and needed a way to carefully hold them on the OD so they could grind the ID. They requested that no metal touches their parts.
We developed custom top tooling made from the most abrasion-resistant plastic available (without a filler). These items can be quickly changed for new ones should a future need arise.
Northfield Precision Instrument Corporation is a leader in developing custom solutions for difficult problems.

TWO IS BETTER THAN ONE

TWO IS BETTER THAN ONE

Picture illustrates one Northfield DPH1000W, 10-inch diaphragm chuck capable of locating and clamping two work pieces with different location data. Due to production requirements, end-user requested quick and accurate changeover between the work piece numbers. The chuck was manufactured with special stepped top-jaws that could locate and clamp both work pieces without changeover. For end-to-end location difference between the work pieces, the chuck was manufactured with a master axial locator, incorporating a “button” style stop used for changeover. With replacement of only the button stop, the changeover was quick, accurate and repeatable.

THE DAILY GRIND

THE DAILY GRIND

This is a special version of our Northfield DPH-400 Diaphragm Chuck (.000010” TIR) with custom top tooling attached.
Our customer needed a drawbar-actuated chuck to grip the O.D.’s of various parts they manufacture for their grinding operations. We provided them with a one-chuck solution (shown in that allows for easy changeover of the top tooling components to accommodate all of their parts.
One part even required a spring-ejector cartridge to eject the part from the jaws’ grip after the grinding operation is completed.
A gauge ring permanently mounted to the chuck establishes a known datum for their machining process. It also has a special shell protecting the unexposed portion of their parts from the action of the grinding process.

UPSIDE DOWN

UPSIDE DOWN

Shown is our Northfield DPH-500 Diaphragm Chuck (.000010” TIR) with special extended Top Jaws and Hard Stop.
Our customer needed to grip the O.D. of a funnel-shaped part, upside-down, on their O.D.’s. We held face run out better than .0001” TIR on the annular face of the Hard Stop, which was their critical requirement.
Northfield Precision designs and manufactures the world’s most accurate air chucks for any lathe, boring machine, grinder or VMC. Models include through-hole, high-speed and quick-change. Chucks are available in SAE or metric, in sizes from 3” (76mm) to 18” (457mm). Accuracies of 0.001” to 0.00001” (0.254m) are guaranteed. Custom work holding chucks and jaws are available and FREE engineering assistance is offered.

SPECIAL DRIVESHAFT BALANCE FIXTURES

SPECIAL DRIVESHAFT BALANCE FIXTURES

These custom chucks use a special expanding collet to center the drive-shaft end, and (3) or (4) fingers go through the bolt holes, expand and face clamp.

MODIFIED MODEL DPH-400W

MODIFIED MODEL DPH-400W

DPH-400W (4-inch dia.) diaphragm chucks with special jaws and stops. The stops have (3) small "Air Detect" holes for part seating conformation. Air is pumped through these holes, and when the part rests on the stop, the air pressure rises, tripping a pressure switch that tells the machine to start machining. The (4) clover adapters have grooves for a CAM follower to snap into in order to orient the chuck when stopped. Up top is an (8) passage rotary union to actuate all four chucks independently. Please call for further explanation. These are mounted to a (4) spindle Theilenhaus machine

SPECIAL MODEL DPH-400 4"

SPECIAL MODEL DPH-400 4"

This is a Special DPH-400 4-inch Diaphragm Chuck that has all components coated with a super-thin coating of hard-chrome to protect it from corrosion. It is also set up with side ports and air-detect through the side of the axial locator as shown. This is used on an EDM machine.

CUSTOM 3X3 DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

CUSTOM 3X3 DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

This custom 3 x 3 diaphragm chuck clamps the powdered metal gears (11 tooth). The upper and lower jaws flex separately to ensure clamping on the pitch-line of the tapered gears.

GEAR CHUCKS

GEAR CHUCKS

Advantages Include:
- Accuracy from .00001 to .000010
- Pitch-Line Chucks
- Wire Cut Carbide Teeth
- Gripover Pins
- Totally Sealed
- Helical or Straight Tooth

3" TO 18" DIAPHRAGM CHUCKS

3" TO 18" DIAPHRAGM CHUCKS

Features Include:

- Rotating or Stationary Diaphragm Chucks
- Quick change thru-hole and coolant thru models
- Standard Diaphragm Chucks from 3" to 18"
- Custom specials for all workholding applications

DPH-600 DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

DPH-600 DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

This is a DPH-600 (6-inch diameter) Diaphragm Chuck used for super finishing (grinding for accurate flatness and parallelism) on the outer faces of the customer’s parts (not shown). This chuck incorporates a center part stop (axial locator) which can be changed out using a hex key.

4-IN. DIA. CHUCK WITH SPECIAL JAWS

4-IN. DIA. CHUCK WITH SPECIAL JAWS

Standard Northfield model DPH-400 with special jaws to grip small end of powder metal slipper shoe for hydraulic pumps. Jaws are cone shaped for tool to cut back face as well as front face of shoe.

4-IN. DIA. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK TO GRIP CIRCULATOR PUMP BEARING HOUSING

4-IN. DIA. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK TO GRIP CIRCULATOR PUMP BEARING HOUSING

Model DPH-400W 4-inch diaphragm chuck with special jaws and stop to grip the circulator pump bearing housing in-between the ears on the root diameter. Four of the six jaws are used because there are 8 ears. The pins are contoured to compensate for clamping diameter tolerance and diamond coated for extra grip. The O.D. and bore are machined and the part is ejected with an internal air piston.

7-IN. DIA. CHUCK FOR SCROLL MILLING

7-IN. DIA. CHUCK FOR SCROLL MILLING

Special 7-inch extra power diaphragm chuck to grip cast iron compressor scrolls on drive- shaft hub for finish milling of scroll walls and face. Eight chucks are mounted to a tombstone and are air open/spring clamped. Chucks have pull-down action to pull scroll onto fixed stop for zero “Z” axis location. Jaws change out for two sizes of scrolls and repeat to 1/10,000 T.I.R.

7-IN. COMPENSATING DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

7-IN. COMPENSATING DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

Special 7-inch floating diaphragm chuck to drive workpieces for grinding between centers. The workpiece is located by the male centers and the jaws float into position while gripping the O.D. compensating for the eccentricity.

DPH-400 GRIPPING VALVE BODY

DPH-400 GRIPPING VALVE BODY

One of our customers needed to grind a bore concentric to a pilot diameter with an O-ring groove and for it to be perfectly perpendicular to a face. Northfield supplied a model DPH-400, 1 micron T.I.R., totally-sealed diaphragm chuck with special jaws and stop. The jaws grip the short pilot diameter and have positive pull- back action holding the part on the precision- ground, fixed axial locator, keeping the part concentric and square.

6-IN. DIAPHRAGM, WITH SPECIAL JAWS, STOP AND CHANGEABLE FIXTURES

6-IN. DIAPHRAGM, WITH SPECIAL JAWS, STOP AND CHANGEABLE FIXTURES

Northfield Precision offered a workholding solution for Chicago Dial Indicator, a leading American manufacturer of Electronic & Mechanical indicators. A Northfield 6-inch 10,000 rpm totally sealed 1-micron T.I.R. diaphragm chuck with special jaws and stop were used to enhance and increase production of machining the two bores that guide the indicator rod. These bores must be perfectly in line for an accurate indicator.
Two fixtures are used to hold the brass indicator housing before the fixture/housing is placed in the chuck. One side is machined, the fixture is turned over, and the second side is machined. Alignment of 1/10,000 T.I.R. is achieved from bore to bore.

7-IN. DIAMETER, 8000 RPM DOUBLE DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

7-IN. DIAMETER, 8000 RPM DOUBLE DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

Dana needed a chuck for their balancing machines to hold drive shafts by their slip-yokes.
Normally, balancing operations are performed at approximately 900 rpm, but Dana balances their parts at road conditions. High-performance vehicles such as stock cars and Formula 1 cars hit 200 mph with their drive-shafts rotating at 10,000 to 12,000 rpm. Our solution consists of two separate diaphragm chucks built into one with two separate sets of jaws, mounted one in front of the other. This accommodates the long, thin shape of the part. With one set of jaws gripping the front of the piece and the other gripping the rear, the result is accuracy of 1/10,000 T.I.R. and repeatability to 50 millionths with extreme rigidity. The center-mounted spline driver is a gauge quality piece of tooling to drive the shaft on rapid start-and-stop of the balance machine. To meet Dana’s safety standards, all of their chucks must be air-opened and spring- clamped to hold the part even if they lose air pressure during the balancing operation. The chuck must not exceed 45 lbs. in weight for easy handling by the operators.

MODEL DPH-5S

MODEL DPH-5S

Special 5-inch diameter diaphragm chuck, air- open diaphragm clamp. Chuck has 8 sets of jaws that repeat to 1/10,000 when removed and replaced. Six (6) different stops mount to center of chuck for positive axial location. Jaws are alloy steel hardened to 58/63 Rockwell “C.” Chuck is counter mounted to a special balance machine that finds the center of gravity of the cast turbine blades and drills a centering hole in that position. The part is now rotated about this center instead of machining weight off different areas for balance.
• T.I.R. = 50 millionths
• Axial – 0
• Cycle time 30 seconds

7-IN. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

7-IN. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

Special 7-inch diameter counter-balanced diaphragm chuck with 3 pull down fingers. Jaws grip O.D. of C.V. joint while fingers pull it into the fixed axial stop for zero axial location. Chuck rotates 5 – 6,000 rpm to balance C.V. joint drive shafts.
• T.I.R. = 50 millionths
• Axial = 0
• Cycle time 60 sec.

SPECIAL 5-IN. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

SPECIAL 5-IN. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

This is a five-inch diameter diaphragm chuck used for very precise grinding or turning. The chuck features a one piece hardened and ground morse taper no. 5 adapter and a female morse taper no. 3 in the chuck face for stops and other tooling. The chuck features no metal-to-metal moving parts, an internal hammer to eject morse taper tooling, and changeable inserts that repeat to 50 millionths T.I.R.

SPECIAL 3-IN. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

SPECIAL 3-IN. DIAPHRAGM CHUCK

3M needed a chuck that repeated to 50 millionths and weighed less than 1.5 lbs. to check the efficiency of an electric motor that gets implanted in the body to pump an artificial heart. We made a 3-inch aluminum diaphragm chuck that weighs 1.40 lbs. and repeats to 40 millionths.

3M needed to remove the bearings of the motor so only the primary components could be tested for efficiency. For this to occur, the rotor and stator must be held in position as if the bearings were installed.

To do this, a Northfield Model 350-50- millionths special chuck holds the rotor and rotates. The diaphragm chuck is mounted to a very sensitive torque meter that measures the torque created by the magnetic field of the rotor and stator.

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